Buffalos are ruminant animals that are still included in the Bovinae tribe. Wild buffalo (Indians call it arni) can still be found in areas of Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Vietnam, China, Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, and Thailand . While buffaloes that have been domesticated are widely available in Asia, South America, North Africa and Europe.
Wild buffalo population in Asia is starting to decline and it is feared that in the future it will experience extinction. Wild buffalos that can be found are adult buffaloes weighing around 300 kg to 600 kg and female buffaloes can weigh up to 800 kg and male buffaloes can weigh 1200 kg.
One characteristic that distinguishes wild buffaloes and buffaloes that have been domesticated (farmed) is buffaloes that have been domesticated have a round stomach.